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dividend

divisor

DIVIDE WITH NUMBER LINE MODELS

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With Divide With Number Line Models Designer you can design fractions examples that use number line models to demonstrate dividing fractions.

You can input the divisor and dividend for a division of fractions example. The dividend or divisor each must be less than 7. The quotient must be less than 20.

If you want just a whole number for for the divisor or the dividend, type in 0 (zero) for a numerator. If you do not want a whole number, type in 0 (zero) for the whole number. Do not type in 0 for the denominator.

Think of the dividend as the length of cake and the divisor as the length of a container. If the cake is 5 ^{1}⁄_{2} units in length and each container pan can hold ^{3}⁄_{4} of a unit, you can fill 7 containers with one piece left over. The piece will fill ^{1}⁄_{3} of a container so you can fill 7 ^{1}⁄_{3} containers.

Visualizing division examples is not easy. You are told that division by a number can be done by multiplying by the reciprocal of that number:

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Another method would be to write the dividend and divisor over a common denominator. With like fractions you can divide the dividend numerator with the divisor numerator. For example:

This method is not the easiest but it helps us to see the relative sizes of the dividend and divisor.

You can then compare this with the image for the same example. Notice the dividend has 21 common denominator marks and the divisor has 8 common denominator marks giving ^{21}⁄_{8} for the quotient.

So with division you are asking how much or how many of the divisor size will fit into the dividend.

Uncheck the <EXPLAIN> check box to turn off the answer and the explanation. You can ask your learners to complete the number sentence.

Uncheck the <SHOW INPUT> check box to make the input dialog boxes work like a password input boxes, hiding the numbers you input.

With <EXPLAIN> and <SHOW INPUT> unchecked you can ask your learners to write a number sentence that explains the picture.

With <EXPLAIN> and <SHOW COLOR> unchecked you can ask your learners to complete the picture by shading the circles.

Suggestions:

Start with a dividend of 2 ^{1}⁄_{4} and a divisor of ^{2}⁄_{3}. Notice how 3 ^{3}⁄_{8} divisor amounts fit into the dividend. Increase the divisor by 1 to get 2 ^{1}⁄_{4} divided by 1 ^{2}⁄_{3} giving a quotient of 1 ^{7}⁄_{20}. Then increase the divisor to 2 ^{2}⁄_{3}. This will result in a quotient smaller than one (^{27}⁄_{32}) , showing that the quotient is smaller than one when the divisor is larger than the dividend.

You can also demonstrate how as the divisor decreases the quotient increases. Try a Dividend of 2 ^{2}⁄_{3} and a divisor of 2 ^{2}⁄_{3}. Notice that the divisor and dividend are the same size, resulting in a quotient of one. Decrease the divisor by ^{1}⁄_{3} increments. For example, keep the dividend at 2 ^{2}⁄_{3} and change the divisor to 2 ^{1}⁄_{3}, 2 ^{0}⁄_{3}, 1 ^{2}⁄_{3}, etc, and continue with this pattern. You will see the quotient increase.

Try 1 ^{3}⁄_{4} divided by 3 ^{1}⁄_{2}. Notice that only half the divisor fits into the dividend.

Divide one(1) by ^{2}⁄_{3}. (Enter 1 for the whole number, 0 for the numerator and 1 for the denominator. Then enter 0 and ^{2}⁄_{3} for the divisor. You will get ^{3}⁄_{2} or 1 ^{1}⁄_{2} for the quotient. This shows that 1 divided by any fraction will give the reciprocal (inverse) of the fraction.

Think of the dividend as available pizza and the divisor as the amount of the available pizza that can fit into a take-out container. If there are 5 ^{1}⁄_{2} pizzas and the container can hold 3/4 pizza, you can fill 7 containers with one piece left over. The piece will fill 1/3 of a container, so you can fill 7 1/3 containers.

How do you explain what's really going on when you divide ^{1}⁄_{2} by ^{2}⁄_{3}? This is hard to picture, but if you cover the dividend ^{1}⁄_{2} by the divisor ^{2}⁄_{3} only ^{3}⁄_{4} of the divisor is needed to cover the dividend. If you cover ^{2}⁄_{3} by ^{1}⁄_{2} you will find it will take a whole ^{1}⁄_{2} piece plus ^{1}⁄_{3} of the ^{1}⁄_{2} piece.

WINDOWS COMPUTERS

You may copy the screen by pressing <Print Screen> on the keyboard. This copies the screen into Windows Clipboard™. The screen can then be pasted into Windows Paint™ or your favorite imaging program. Windows Paint™ will allow you to crop, print, or save the image.

Windows 7 users can use the Snipping Tool™ to capture any part of the screen you wish. These images can be edited and saved in PNG, GIF(recommended) or JPEG formats.

IPADS

To take a screen shot with the Ipad first press the Sleep/Wake button at the top right of the Ipad. While holding the Sleek/Wake button press and release the round Home button at the bottom of the screen. You should see a photo of the screen by going to the Home page and pressing the Photos icon.